- E. coli meningitis is a disease that occurs in predisposed patients, either as a result of trauma or in neonates after neurosurgery. Recurrent E. coli meningitis in an adult without any apparent predisposition is uncommon, and hydrocephalus complicating bacterial meningitis is even more rare. We report a unique case of a 67-year-old alcoholic man who had had 2 consecutive episodes of E. coli meningitis within 2 months. In both episodes there was a favorable response to ceftriaxone. However, normotensive hydrocephalus appeared a few weeks later, with mental and physical deterioration.