[EPIDEMIOLOGY, CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS, PROGNOSTIC FACTORS, AND VISUAL OUTCOMES IN PATIENTS WITH OPEN OCULAR INJURIES AND INTRAOCULAR FOREIGN BODIES]. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • AIMS: To describe and identify clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and visual outcome in patients with intraocular foreign bodies (IOFB) in southern Israel. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of open globe injury with IOFB treated and followed-up for at least 6 months in the Ophthalmology Department at Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel, from 1995-2011. The study population was subdivided into two groups: 1. Patients whose difference in visual acuity (VA) between presentation and end of follow-up was considered "successful" (n = 54); 2. Patients whose difference in VA between presentation and end of follow-up was considered "non-successful"(n = 14). Comparing these two groups, we analyzed the following: time from trauma to admission, time from admission to operation, location of IOB, wound zone, best corrected VA at admission. RESULTS: A total of 97.1% of the study group were males and the mean age was 28.7 ± 15.3 years. Metallic IOB were found in 73.5% of cases. The IOFB penetrated at Zone 1 in 61.8% cases, and were located at the posterior segment in 65.2 % of cases. The two subgroups differed in their best corrected VA (by LogMAR) at presentation (p value = 0.02): the patients who were defined as "successful" (n = 54) had.a higher mean VA (1.2 ± 1.3) than those (n = 14) who were defined as "non-successful" (1.1 ± 0.6). The duration of time from trauma to admission was not found to be of statistical significance (p value = 0.361, and neither did the time from admission to operation (P value = 1). CONCLUSION: We present an innovative definition of VA changes during the follow-up period in patients with open globe injuries involving IOFB. Our study showed that patients who presented with worse VA had a better chance of a "successful" outcome. Language: he

publication date

  • May 1, 2016