Cosmic time in quantum cosmology: inflation compactification as a quantum effect Academic Article uri icon


  • We consider 1+D-dimensional, toroidally compact Kaluza-Klein theories. In the context of the minisuperspace approach of quantum cosmology, we solve the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the presence of a negative cosmological constant and dust. Then, it is found that the quantum effects stabilize the volume of the Universe, so that there can be an avoidance of the cosmological singularity. Although cosmic time does not appear explicitly in the Wheeler-DeWitt equation, we find that a cosmic time dependence appears for the expectation values of certain variables. This result is obtained when proper care of some subtle points concerning the definition of averages in this model is taken. The stabilization of the volume, when there is anisotropy in the evolution of the Universe (which turns out to be quantized), is consistent with another effect we find: the existence of a “quantum inflationary phase” for some dimensions and simultaneously the existence of a “quantum deflationary contraction” for the rest.

publication date

  • January 1, 1993