Is Social Self-Criticism a Unique Vulnerability Dimension for Social Anxiety and Depression? Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Although self-criticism has been implicated in both depression and social anxiety, it has been assessed as a global construct. We therefore constructed the Social Self-Criticism Scale (SSCS), which consists of items tapping self-criticism in the social domain. Initially assessing both social and non-social domains, principal component analyses revealed a social domain (i.e., social self-criticism) distinct from self-criticism in non-social domains. Social self-criticism predicted depressive and social anxiety symptoms over and above (1) our non-social self-criticism subscale, (2) the extensively used self-criticism factor of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ). Findings encourage disentangling global versus specific domains of affective vulnerability.

publication date

  • January 1, 2012