- Timing of elective repeat caesarean section should take into account both fetal and maternal considerations. The percentage of caesarean deliveries has dramatically increased during the last decades. It undoubtedly leads to an increase in the number of women having multiple caesarean sections. While maternal morbidity increases with increased number of caesarean sections, when compared with their term counterparts, late pre-term infants face increased morbidity. Establishing the optimal time of delivery for both mother and child is a major challenge faced by clinicians. The aim of this review is to better understand neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality that are associated with elective repeat caesarean section, and to provide an educated decision regarding the optimal timing for elective repeat caesarean section.