RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PITAHAYAS - DRAGONFRUIT - VINE CACTI: LIMITATIONS AND CHALLENGES AND THE CURRENT GLOBAL MARKET Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Pitahayas, dragonfruit and vine cacti are the popular names used to describe the species belonging to the genus Hylocereus. This group of semi-epiphytic cacti is endemic to tropical regions of northern South America, Central America and Mexico. Since these plants use the Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) photosynthetic pathway, they present an attractive alternative for dryland agriculture as perennial fruit crops in arid and semi-arid regions. Several of these species bear large and attractive edible fruits, which are both juicy and sweet. The fruits have black small crispy seeds and either a spineless (Hylocereus species– red pitahayas) or a spiny peel (only in Hylocereus megalanthus–yellow pitahayas). Interest in these crops is continuously increasing, and they are currently cultivated on small scale in Vietnam, Mexico, Colombia, Nicaragua, Ecuador, the USA, Israel, Thailand, Japan, and …

publication date

  • October 28, 2013