A SMILE WORTHY OF YOUR COGNITION: GENERAL SELF-EFFICACIOUS INDIVIDUALS RECOGNIZE AND REMEMBER HAPPY FACES Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Self-efficacy, pertaining to individuals’ belief in their capabilities, epitomizes resilience. drawing from the literature on cognitive-emotional processing of facial expression, we hypothesized that self-efficacious individuals, propelled by their positive representations of others, will show a positive bias towards happy facial expressions. in Study 1 (N = 70), general self-efficacy was distinctly associated with the perception of happy expressions. in Study 2 (N = 92), general self-efficacy, but neither domain-specific self-efficacy nor self-esteem, predicted a bias toward recalling happy faces. effects were obtained after controlling for depressive symptoms and negative self-evaluation (Studies 1 & 2) and neuroticism (Study 2). Findings illuminate the ways in which self-efficacious individuals create an adaptive social environment. I begin to live my intentions in the facial expressions of the other and likewise begin to live the other’s volitions in my own gestures. (Merleau-Ponty, 1960, p. 119; cited in Reis, 2004, p. 363) Contemporary psychological science highlights the importance of resilience, pertaining to the ability to adapt, cope, and maintain a stable equilibrium in the face of life stressors (Luthar, Cicchetti, & Becker, 2000; Richardson, 2002). Self-efficacy, pertaining to the belief in one’s capabilities to exercise control over one’s life (Bandura,

publication date

  • January 1, 2013