High-yield synthesis of silicon carbide nanowires by solar and lamp ablation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We report a reasonably high yield (~ 50%) synthesis of silicon carbide (SiC) nanowires from silicon oxides and carbon in vacuum, by novel solar and lamp photothermal ablation methods that obviate the need for catalysis, and allow relatively short reaction times (~ 10 min) in a nominally one-step process that does not involve toxic reagents. The one- dimensional core/shell β-SiC/SiO x nanostructures—characterized by SEM, TEM, HRTEM, SAED, XRD and EDS—are typically several microns long, with core and outer diameters of about 10 and 30 nm, respectively. HRTEM revealed additional distinctive nanoscale structures that also shed light on the formation pathways.

publication date

  • January 1, 2013