Coping strategies, satisfaction with life, and quality of life in Crohn's disease: A gender perspective using structural equation modeling analysis Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Objective To identify coping strategies and socio-demographics impacting satisfaction with life and quality of life in Crohn's disease (CD). Methods 402 patients completed the Patient Harvey-Bradshaw Index, Brief COPE Inventory, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ). We performed structural equation modeling (SEM) of mediators of quality of life and satisfaction with life. Results The cohort comprised: men 39.3%, women 60.1%; P-HBI 4.75 and 5.74 (p= 0.01). In inactive CD (P- HBI≤ 4), both genders had SWLS score 23.8; men had SIBDQ score 57.4, women 52.6 (p= 0.001); women reported more use of emotion-focused, problem-focused and dysfunctional coping than men. In active CD, SWLS and SIBDQ scores were reduced, without gender differences; men and women used coping strategies equally. A SEM model (all patients) …

publication date

  • January 1, 2017