Ophthalmia neonatorum caused by multidrug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae Academic Article uri icon


  • Ophthalmia neonatorum is a frequent form of infection in the first month of life and represents a threat to vision [1]. The most common infectious agents are: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and herpes simplex virus [1]. The infection is usually restricted to the eye but can also spread systemically and cause arthritis, septicemia and meningitis [1]. N. gonorrhoeae was a more common cause of conjunctivitis in the past, but due to the widespread use of 1% silver nitrate following the observations of CredeƂ in 1881, its prevalence as a causative agent of ophthalmia neonatorum has decreased in the industrial world from 10% to 0.3%[2]. As a result of extensive antenatal and postnatal care in industrialized countries and screening for sexually transmitted diseases, prophylaxis has been largely abandoned, including at our medical center.

publication date

  • January 1, 2004