Aldehyde oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase in a flacca tomato mutant with deficient abscisic acid and wilty phenotype Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The flacca tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) mutant displays a wilty phenotype as a result of abscisic acid (ABA) deficiency. The Mo cofactor (MoCo)-containing aldehyde oxidases (AO; EC 1.2.3.1) are thought to play a role in the final oxidation step required for ABA biosynthesis. AO and related MoCo-containing enzymes xan-thine dehydrogenase (XDH; EC 1.2.1.37) and nitrate reductase (EC 1.6.6.1) were examined in extracts of the flacca tomato genotype and of wild-type (WT) roots and shoots. The levels of MoCo were found to be similar in both genotypes. No significant XDH or AO (MoCo-containing hydroxylases) activities were detected in flacca leaves; however, the mutant exhibited considerable MoCo-containing hydroxylase activity in the roots, which contained notable amounts of ABA. Native western blots probed with an antibody to MoCo-containing hydroxylases revealed substantial, albeit reduced , levels of cross-reactive protein in the flacca mutant shoots and roots. The ABA xylem-loading rate was significantly lower than that in the WT, indicating that the flacca is also defective in ABA transport to the shoot. Significantly, in vitro sulfurylation with Na 2 S reactivated preexisting XDH and AO proteins in extracts from flacca, particularly from the shoots, and superinduced the basal-level activity in the WT extracts. The results indicate that in flacca, MoCo-sulfurylase activity is impaired in a tissue-dependent manner.

publication date

  • January 1, 1999