Hospitalizations for infectious diseases in Jewish and Bedouin children in southern Israel Academic Article uri icon


  • Two different population groups reside in the Negev region of southern Israel and have equal, and free from financial barrier, access to tertiary care at a single regional hospital. The Jewish population has a largely urban and industrialized lifestyle, while the Moslem Bedouins are in transition from their traditional nomadic life to settlement. To examine the differences in morbidity patterns reflected in hospitalizations, the computerized hospitalization records of children < 0.001).="" rates="" of="" hospitalization="" per="" 10,000="" child="" years="" in="" bedouins="" and="" jews="" for="" diarrhea="" were="" 114="" and="" 32="" (or:="" 3.7,="" 95%="" ci:="" 3.3–4.0,="" p="">< 0.001),="" respectively,="" and="" for="" pneumonia="" 55="" and="" 19="" (or:="" 2.9,="" 95%="" ci:="" 2.6–3.3,="" p="">< 0.001),="" respectively.="" in="" infants="" the="" differences="" were="" even="" more="" pronounced,="" especially="" for="" diarrheal="" diseases.="" in="" bedouin="" children="" infectious="" diseases="" were="" associated="" with="" longer="" hospital="" stay,="" more="" pediatric="" intensive="" care="" hospitalizations="" (or:="" 2.7,="" 95%="" ci:="" 1.7–4.5,="" p="">< 0.001),="" and="" higher="" in-hospital="" mortality="" (or:="" 5.7,="" 95%="" ci:="" 2.8–12.2,="" p="">< 0.001).="" thus,="" bedouin="" children="" are="" at="" higher="" risks="" of="" hospitalizations="" for="" infectious="" diseases="" in="" early="" childhood,="" as="" compared="" to="" jewish="" children.="" this="" may="" reflect="" the="" differences="" in="" lifestyle,="" environmental="" and="" social="" conditions="" of="" the="" two="">

publication date

  • January 1, 1998