Using a spark plasma sintering apparatus as a tool in a compressive creep study of fine-grained alumina Academic Article uri icon


  • A spark plasma sintering (SPS) apparatus was used to perform uniaxial compressive creep tests on dense SPS-processed fine-grained alumina. Experiments were carried out in the 1125–1250 °C temperature range under an applied stress of 80–120 MPa. Creep rates, stress exponent and apparent activation energy were determined. The microstructure of deformed samples was characterized by HRSEM. The creep rates, stress exponent (1.9–2.1) and apparent activation energy (454 kJ/mol) values obtained are in a good agreement with data reported in the literature regarding creep of fine-grained polycrystalline alumina. These results, together with microstructural observations, suggest that the creep mechanism involved was grain boundary sliding (GBS), accommodated by dislocation climb, controlled by diffusion along the grain boundaries. It was thus demonstrated that an SPS apparatus can be employed as an accurate high-temperature creep testing system.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017