Box 1. Glossary of terms commonly used in chronobiology Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Biological time-keeping mechanisms have fascinated researchers since the movement of leaves with a daily rhythm was first described >270 years ago. The circadian clock confers a approximately 24-hour rhythm on a range of processes including leaf movements and the expression of some genes. Molecular mechanisms and components underlying clock function have been described in recent years for several animal and prokaryotic organisms, and those of plants are beginning to be characterized. The emerging model of the Arabidopsis clock has mechanistic parallels with the clocks of other model organisms, which consist of positive and negative feedback loops, but the molecular components appear to be unique to plants.

publication date

  • January 1, 2000