The Positive Real Lemma and Construction of All Realizations of Generalized Positive Rational Functions Academic Article uri icon


  • We here extend the well known Positive Real Lemma (also known as the Kalman-Yakubovich-Popov Lemma) to complex matrix-valued general- ized positive rational function, when non-minimal realizations are considered. We then exploit this result to provide an easy construction procedure of all (not necessarily minimal) state space realizations of generalized positive func- tions. As a by-product, we partition all state space realizations into subsets: Each is identified with a set of matrices satisfying the same Lyapunov inclusion and thus form a convex invertible cone, cic in short. Moreover, this approach enables us to characterize systems which may be brought to be generalized positive through static output feedback. The formulation through Lyapunov inclusions suggests the introduction of an equivalence class of rational functions of various dimensions associated with the same system matrix.

publication date

  • December 1, 2011