Immunogenicity of alternative regimens of the conjugated 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine: a randomized controlled trial. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Background: The 7-valent CRM 197 pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7) was originally licensed using 3 primary doses during infancy and a booster in the second year of life. We compared the originally licensed regimen to 2 widely used alternative regimens. Methods: Five hundred forty-three infants were randomized to receive PCV7 at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months (3 + 1), at 4, 6, and 12 months (2 + 1), or at 2, 4, and 6 months (3 + 0). Blood was drawn at 2, 7, 13, and 19 months. Serotype-specific IgG concentrations were determined by ELISA. Results: In the 2 + 1 group, postprimary IgG concentrations against serotypes 6B, 14, 18C, and 23F were reduced compared with the 3 + 1 or 3 + 0 groups. Both 3 + 1 and 2 + 1 groups showed marked booster response, but the 2 + 1 group had reduced concentrations against serotypes 6B, 18C, 23F. At 19 months, IgG antibodies decreased in both 3 + 1 and 2 + 1 groups but the 2 + 1 group had significantly lower concentrations against serotypes 6B, 18C, and 23F. IgG concentrations decreased in the 3 + 0 group during the second year and were significantly lower than those of 3 + 1 and 2 + 1 for all serotypes at 13 and 19 months. Conclusions: Significant differences in immunogenicity were documented between the reduced and the licensed regimens. The clinical implications of these differences require further studies.

publication date

  • January 1, 2010