Long term aging of LLDPE based multi-layer film by exposure to light hydrocarbons Academic Article uri icon


  • This study focuses on the stability of a polymeric Linear Low Density Polyethylene/Polyamide/Linear Low Density Polyethylene multi-layered container during long-term aging by exposure to light hydrocarbons in aviation gasoline. The containers examined and tested for this work were stored and used for different service periods, the longest of which is 10 years. During the containers' service periods, the inner LLDPE layer is exposed to avgas (aviation gasoline), and the outer LLDPE layer – to air. The aging process caused by the film interaction with avgas was examined by a variety of methods. Pb line-scan and IR spectroscopy show no evidence for the presence of small organic carbohydrate molecules originating from the avgas in the LLDPE. The viscoelastic and thermo-mechanical properties of the material were not significantly changed after 10 years. Nevertheless, DSC-OIT analysis shows a remarkable rise in oxidation rate as samples get older, presumably, as a result of antioxidants leaching out or being used up. The SEM results show the polymer to be much more prone to cracking, indicating a rise in crystallinity, as further substantiated by the results from DSC 1st heating cycle enthalpy evaluation. The 2nd DSC heating cycle results, which show no differences between samples, indicate the difference seen in the 1st heating cycle is affected by intermolecular rearrangements. Macro-mechanical properties show a remarkable stability for at least a decade, negating the aging phenomena discussed. Polyamide, as the load baring layer in the film, is probably responsible for the dampening seen in these results. In years to come, apparent oxidation will begin – most prominently in the outer layer – but probably would not compromise the structural strength of the bag, as both polyethylene layers are not the main load bearing layers.

publication date

  • December 1, 2014