- Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is prevalent in 50-80% of the population worldwide. After primary infection it remains in a latent state until reactivation. Stressful events induce the release of corticosteroids which activate HCMV. The effect of examination stress on HCMV reactivation among first year female students was studied by detecting the values of HCMV specific salivary IgG and IgA antibodies before, during and after two important examinations. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) salivary antibodies served as a non-latent virus control. A statistically significant increase in the level of HCMV specific IgG and IgA antibodies was detected in saliva samples collected during the two examinations, as compared with the samples collected one month before them and two weeks after the grades were posted (p< 0.05), whereas HAV antibody levels did not change significantly.