- A case-control study was performed to evaluate factors associated with successful rehabilitation in elderly patients who sustained hip fractures. All 170 patients with fractured hips hospitalized in the geriatrics ward of the Soroka Medical Center in Beer-Sheva, Israel between 1987 and 1991 were studied. Success of rehabilitation was determined by staff evaluation of the patient's ability to walk and perform activities of daily living. The independent variables, including sociodemographic and medical variables, and mental and functional assessments, were assessed by chart reviews, staff evaluation and mental tests. One-hundred and twenty-nine patients (75.9%) were successfully rehabilitated. A normal mental state (p < 0.0001), female gender (p < 0.02) and absence of diabetes mellitus (p < 0.008) were associated significantly with successful rehabilitation.