Crush syndrome: saving more lives in disasters: lessons learned from the early-response phase in Haiti Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps Field Hospital was fully operational 89 hours after the Haiti earthquake in January 2010. In earthquake scenarios, crush injuries are a major cause of death. The incidence of crush syndrome can be as high as 25% in earthquake victims. Acute renal failure (ARF), a complication of crush syndrome that is commonly encountered in the first days following earthquakes, has an excellent outcome when renal replacement treatment (RRT) is available.¹ The incidence of ARF related to crush syndrome depends on the intensity of the earthquake and the amount of time spent under rubble, and ranges from 0.5% to 25%. More than half of those with renal failure will require RRT.²

publication date

  • January 1, 2011