Derivation of split window algorithm and its sensitivity analysis for retrieving land surface temperature Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract. Retrieval of land surface temperature (LST) from advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data is an important methodology in remote sensing. Several split window algorithms have been proposed in last two decades. In this paper we intend to present a better algorithm with less parameters and high accuacry. The algorithm involves only two essential parameters (transmittance and emissivity). The principle and method for the linearization of Planck's radiance equation, the mathematical derivation process of the algorithm, and the method for determining the atmospheric transmittance are discussed with details. Sensitivity analysis of the algorithm has been performed for evaluation of probable LST estimation error due to the possible errors in transmittance and emissivity. Results from the analysis indicate that the proposed algorithm is able to provide an accurate estimation …

publication date

  • January 1, 2001