Chiral vortex dynamics on membranes is an intrinsic property of FtsZ driven by GTP hydrolysis Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The primary protein of the bacterial Z ring guiding cell division, FtsZ, has recently been shown to engage in intriguing self-organization together with one of its natural membrane anchors, FtsA. When co-reconstituted on flat supported membranes, these proteins assemble into dynamic chiral vortices whose diameters resemble the cell circumference. These dynamics are due to treadmilling polar FtsZ filaments, supposedly destabilized by the co-polymerizing membrane adaptor FtsA, thus catalysing their turnover. Here we show that FtsA is in fact dispensable and that the phenomenon is an intrinsic property of FtsZ alone when supplemented with a membrane anchor. The emergence of these chiral dynamic patterns occurs at intermediate FtsZ surface densities, in agreement with theoretical predictions, and beyond a threshold GTP concentration. The interplay of membrane tethering, GTP binding, and hydrolysis promotes both, the assembly and the destabilization of FtsZ polymers, leading to the observed treadmilling dynamics. Notably, the vortex chirality is defined by the position of the membrane targeting sequence (mts) and can be inverted when attaching it to the opposite end of FtsZ. This reveals the vectorial character of the filament-supported membrane system consisting of three orthogonal directions, filament polarity, curvature, and membrane attachment.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017