Reliability of Small Molecule Organic Photovoltaics with Electron-Filtering Compound Buffer Layers Academic Article uri icon


  • Electron‐filtering compound buffer layers (EF‐CBLs) improve charge extraction in organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) by blending an electron‐conducting fullerene with a wide energy gap exciton‐blocking molecule. It is found that devices with EF‐CBLs with high glass transition temperatures and a low crystallization rate produce highly stable morphologies and devices. The most stable OPVs employ 1:1 2,2′,2″‐(1,3,5‐benzenetriyl tris‐[1‐phenyl‐1H‐benzimidazole] TPBi:C70 buffers that lose <20% of their initial power conversion efficiency of 6.6 ± 0.6% after 2700 h under continuous simulated AM1.5G illumination, and show no significant degradation after 100 days of outdoor aging. When exposed to 100‐sun (100 kW m−2) concentrated solar illumination for 5 h, their power conversion efficiencies decrease by <8%. Moreover, it is found that the reliability of the devices employing stable EF‐CBLs has either reduced or no dependence on operating temperature up to 130 °C compared with BPhen:C60 devices whose fill factors show thermally activated degradation. The robustness of TPBi:C70 devices under extreme aging conditions including outdoor exposure, high temperature, and concentrated illumination is promising for the future of OPV as a stable solar cell technology.

publication date

  • January 1, 2016