External cephalic version Academic Article uri icon


  • Breech presentation is the most common of malpresentations, occurring in 3-4% of all term deliveries. The fetus may adopt breech presentation because of many factors. In the past, the mode of delivery (vaginal or abdominal) was determined by clinical considerations. Current recommendations are for cesarean section in all breech presentations. Successful External Cephalic Version is the only effective way to avoid cesarean section in breech presentation. Considering success rates and related factors, this review article emphasizes the importance of considering ECV to every woman with breech presentation.

publication date

  • January 1, 2003