- Between 1993-1996, 200 pediatric flexible bronchoscopies were performed. Indications were: chronic cough (158 children), persistent pulmonary infiltrates (89), recurrent stridor (28), suspected tracheobronchial foreign body (20), suspected tuberculosis (17) and hemoptysis (3). Some children had more than 1 indication. 124 patients were boys (mean 4.18 +/- 2.86 years; range 1 month-15 years) and 76 were girls (mean 4.39 +/- 2.7 years; range 4 months-15 years). The procedure included direct vision recorded by video-camera and bronchoalveolar lavage; the lavage fluid was sent for culture, Gram and Ziehl-Nielsen strains and for cytology. There were a few minor side effects: mild stridor which resolved within a few hours (10 children) and transient fever (3). This simple, flexible instrument was effective and helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of children with respiratory symptoms in a secondary hospital facility.