# IceCube Constraints on the Fermi Bubbles Academic Article

•
• Overview
•
•
• View All
•

### abstract

• We analyze the IceCube four-year neutrino data in search of a signal from the Fermi bubbles. No signal is found from the bubbles or from their dense shell, even when taking into account the softer background. This imposes a conservative $\xi_i<8\%$ upper limit on the cosmic-ray ion (CRI) acceleration efficiency, and an $\eta\equiv \xi_e/\xi_i \gtrsim0.006$ lower limit on the electron-to-ion ratio of acceleration efficiencies (at the $2\sigma$ confidence level). For typical $\xi_i$, a signal should surface once the number of IceCube neutrinos increases by $\sim$an order of magnitude, unless there is a $<$PeV cutoff on the CRI spectrum.

### publication date

• September 26, 2017