On the Power of Geometry over Tetrel Bonds Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Tetrel bonds are noncovalent interactions formed by tetrel atoms (as σ-hole carriers) with a Lewis base. Here, we present a computational and molecular orbital study on the effect of the geometry of the substituents around the tetrel atom on the σ-hole and on the binding strengths. We show that changing the angles between substituents can dramatically increase bond strength. In addition, our findings suggest that the established Sn > Ge > Si order of binding strength can be changed in sufficiently distorted molecules due to the enhancement of the charge transfer component, making silicon the strongest tetrel donor.

publication date

  • January 1, 2018