Temperature dependence of exciton-surface plasmon polariton coupling in Ag, Au, and Al films on InxGa1-xN/GaN quantum wells studied with time-resolved cathodoluminescence Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The optical properties and coupling of excitons to surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in Ag, Au, and Al-coated InxGa1−xN/GaN multiple and single quantum wells (SQWs) were probed with time-resolved cathodoluminescence. Excitons were generated in the metal coated SQWs by injecting a pulsed high-energy electron beam through the thin metal films. The Purcell enhancement factor (Fp) was obtained by direct measurement of changes in the temperature-dependent radiative lifetime caused by the SQW exciton-SPP coupling. Three chosen plasmonic metals of Al, Ag, and Au facilitate an interesting comparison of the exciton-SPP coupling for energy ranges in which the SP energy is greater than, approximately equal to, and less than the excitonic transition energy for the InGaN/GaN QW emitter. A modeling of the temperature dependence of the Purcell enhancement factor, Fp, included the effects of ohmic losses of the metals and changes in the dielectric properties due to the temperature dependence of (i) the intraband behavior...

publication date

  • January 1, 2015