Effect of the disorder/order phase transition on the electrical and photoelectrical properties of C 60 thin films Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This article reports the temperature dependence of the structural and photoelectrical properties of C60 thin films with varying crystal structure and oxygen content near the orientational disorder/order phase transition at about 260 K. X-ray diffraction data demonstrate that highly crystalline oxygen-free C60 films undergo the first-order phase transition at 252 K with a lattice parameter discontinuity Δa/a of 0.22%; no discontinuity was observed in C60 films with coexisting amorphous and nanocrystalline phases. A strong effect of the phase transition on the dark- and photoconductivity in those films is presented: In highly crystalline C60 films both dark- and photoconductivity increase as the temperature is lowered through the transition region. However, opposite temperature changes of the conductivity are observed in nanocrystalline/amorphous C60 films. In situ exposure of samples to oxygen gas suppresses any critical behavior. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of trap-controlled mobilit...

publication date

  • January 1, 2003