- Exposure to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors during development was shown in the past to induce sex-dependent changes in locomotion and specific cognitive and emotional tests in rodents. Adult mice that had been treated with 0.5 mg/kg diisopropylfluorphosphate (DFP), on post-natal days 14-20 were tested on active avoidance and a set-shifting task. DFP pre-treatment did not affect the active avoidance task, but impaired performance on the extra-dimensional shift task. DFP-treated females showed more general deficits in the acquisition of simple discrimination, intra-dimensional shift, extra-dimensional shift and reversal learning. These data suggest that pre-weanling exposure to cholinesterase inhibitors may have long-term consequences on attentional capabilities.