- End-stage renal disease is frequently associated with lipoprotein abnormalities, manifested primarily by elevated very low-density lipoprotein levels combined with a decrease in high-density lipoprotein levels. These lipoprotein disturbances are further exacerbated in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. We examined the lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles in the blood and dialysate effluents of eight normolipidemic and five hypertriglyceridemic patients with end-stage renal failure treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. The normolipidemic patients were found to have significantly greater losses, as expressed by the fractional catabolic rates through the dialysate, for protein, total cholesterol, and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. These results suggest that the hypertriglyceridemia associated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis may be mitigated in some patients by the excessive loss of very low-density lipoprotein, or some other plasma constituent, into the dialysate effluent.