Behavioral effects of interleukin-1β: modulation by gender, estrus cycle, and progesterone Academic Article uri icon


  • Endogenous release or exogenous administration of the cytokine Interleukin-1 (IL-1) produces several behavioral alterations, including suppression of locomotion and exploration. Because there are bidirectional interactions between IL-1 and the hypothalamic- pituitary-gonadal axis, we investigated possible differences between males and females in various phases of the estrus cycle in the behavioral effects of IL-1. In addition, we assessed the role of progesterone in mediating estrus cycle-dependent differences in these effects …

publication date

  • September 1, 1995