Enhancing the drug metabolism activities of C3A--a human hepatocyte cell line--by tissue engineering within alginate scaffolds. Academic Article uri icon


  • In this study, we investigated the applicability of C3A-a human hepatocyte cell lineā€”as a predicting tool for drug metabolism by applying tissue-engineering methods. Cultivation of C3A cells within alginate scaffolds induced the formation of spheroids with enhanced drug metabolism activities compared to that of two-dimensional (2-D) monolayer cultures. The spheroid formation process was demonstrated via histology, immunohistochemistry, and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analyses. The C3A spheroids displayed multilayer cell morphology, characterized by a large number of tight junctions, polar cells, and bile canaliculi, similar to spheroids of primary hepatocytes. Spheroid formation was accompanied by a reduction in P-glycoprotein (Pgp) gene expression and C3A cell proliferation was limited mainly to cells on the spheroid outskirt. The 3-D constructs maintained a nearly constant cell number according to MTT assay. Drug metabolism by the two most important cytochrome p-450 (CYP) enzymes in human liv...

publication date

  • January 1, 2006