Mapping of several soil properties using DAIS-7915 hyperspectral scanner data - a case study over clayey soils in Israel Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The data acquired from the hyperspectral airborne sensor DAIS-7915 over Izrael Valley in northern Israel was processed to yield quantitative soil properties maps of organic matter, soil field moisture, soil saturated moisture, and soil salinity. The method adopted for this purpose was the Visible and Near Infrared Analysis (VNIRA) approach, which yields an empirical model for predicting the soil property in question from both wet chemistry and spectral information of a representative set of samples (calibration set). Based on spectral laboratory data that show a significant capability to predict the above soil properties and populations using the VNIRA strategy, the next step was to examine this feasibility under a hyperspectral remote sensing (HSR) domain. After atmospherically rectifying the DAIS-7915 data and omitting noisy bands, the VNIRA routine was performed to yield a prediction equation model for each property, using the reflectance image data. Applying this equation on a pixel-bypixel basis revealed images that described spatially and quantitatively the surface distribution of each property. The VNIRA results were validated successfully from a priori knowledge of the area characteristics and from data collected from several sampling points. Following these examinations, a procedure was developed in order to create a soil property map of the entire area, including soils under vegetated areas. This procedure employed a random selection of more than 80 points along non-vegetated areas from the quantitative soil property images and interpolation of the points to yield an isocontour map for each property. It is concluded that the VNIRA method is a promising strategy for quantitative soil surface mapping, furthermore, the method could even be improved if a better quality of HSR data were used.

publication date

  • January 1, 2002