Atomistic simulation of SrTiO3(001) surface relaxation Academic Article uri icon


  • The (001) surface relaxation of the cubic perovskite SrTiO3 crystal has been studied using the shell model. The positions of atoms in several surface layers embedded in the electrostatic field of the remainder of the crystal are calculated. We show that Ti4+, Sr2+ and O2- ions in six near-surface layers are displaced differently from their crystalline sites which leads to the creation of so-called surface rumpling, a dipole moment, and an electric field in the near-surface region. Calculated atomic displacements are compared with LEED experimental data.

publication date

  • January 1, 1999