Changes in facilitative glucose transporter messenger ribonucleic acid levels in the diabetic rat kidney Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Facilitative glucose transporter (GLUTs 1, 2, 4, and 5) messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are differentially distributed in the rat nephron: GLUT1 is widely expressed, GLUT4 is selectively concentrated in thick ascending limbs, and GLUT2 and 5 are exclusively localized in proximal tubules, consistent with differential roles for these transporters in renal glucose handling. In the present study, quantitative in situ hybridization was used to evaluate changes in these mRNA levels during acute (2 and 7 days) and chronic (30, 90, and 180 days) streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus (STZ-DM). Medullary GLUT1 and GLUT4 mRNA levels were significantly increased during the acute phase but returned to normal after 1 week. Cortical GLUT1 mRNA levels, however, were decreased significantly from 7 days through 6 months of STZ-DM. Cortical GLUT2 mRNA was slightly increased acutely and increased 5-fold in chronic STZ-DM, with the largest increase focally concentrated in the convoluted portion of the proximal tubule. Proximal tubu...

publication date

  • January 1, 1997

published in

  •   Journal