Within-field advection enhances evaporation and transpiration in a vineyard in an arid environment Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Advection of hot air from a warmer to a cooler surface is known to enhance evaporation through additional supply of energy, provided that water is readily available. This study investigated advection in an isolated irrigated vineyard in the Negev desert, over a period of several months under changing plant cover and environmental conditions, and for different degrees of water availability. Field, canopy, and soil energy balance fluxes were assessed, as well as likely indicators of advection such as wind speed, VPD, vertical temperature gradients between the soil, the canopy air space, and the air, and lateral temperature gradients between the vineyard and the surrounding desert. It was found that for a period from May to July, advection enhanced transpiration by 8%, where diurnal patterns suggested that most of the advection originated from within the field. At times, soil-to- canopy advection enhanced transpiration by as much as 30–40%. Wet irrigated strips likewise experienced soil-to-soil advection from drier soil, but to a much lesser degree. A surprisingly large difference was observed in the contribution of advection to transpiration between June (2%) and July (11%), which had almost identical environmental conditions. This indicates that small changes in the agro-system such as row-width and leaf area could have a large impact on within-field advection, and that row crops could potentially be managed to reduce or enhance advection.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017