A rapid direct fluorescent assay for cell-free DNA quantification in biological fluids Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Background: Circulating cell-free DNA (CFD) levels may be elevated in trauma, stroke, sepsis, pre-eclampsia and cancer. Owing to the complex and expensive methodology, detection of CFD has hitherto been confined to research laboratories. This study presents a simple, inexpensive and accurate test for CFD. Methods: Using the commercial fluorescent SYBR w Gold stain, biological fluids were directly assayed for CFD without prior DNA extraction and amplification. Stain was added to the sample in 96-well plates (final stain dilution: 1:10,000) and fluorescence was read by a fluorometer (excitation wavelength 488 nm, emission wavelength 535 nm). Results: The assay was validated with serum, whole blood, urine and supernatant of cell cultures. Specificity and linearity were demonstrated over a wide range of concentrations; the results correlated with the conventional quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay of b-globin (R 2 ¼ 0.9987, P , 0.001). The assay was not affected by exposure of whole blood or serum to room temperature for four or 24 h, respectively. Intra and day-to-day coefficients of variation (16‐4.8% and 31‐8%, respectively; depending on DNA level) compared well with published data describing more work-intensive tests. The limit of quantitation (170 ng/mL) was below the mean DNA level in a cohort of normal individuals (471 [203] ng/mL). Finally, free DNA in supernatant of cell cultures after cell lysis accurately reflected cell number (R 2 ¼ 0.974, P , 0.0001). Conclusions: The direct SYBR w Gold assay proved to be an accurate and simple technique for measuring CFD in biological fluids.

publication date

  • January 1, 2009