MicroRNAs 15a/16-1 function as tumor suppressor genes in multiple myeloma Academic Article uri icon


  • Multiple myeloma is characterized by frequent chromosomal alterations. Deletion of chr 13, especially band 13q14, is commonly observed in early stages of MM, suggesting the presence of tumor suppressor genes within this region. Here, we functionally validate the role of the microRNAs-15a/16-1 cluster, centered at the deleted region, as TSGs and delineate their downstream target genes in MM. Using" sponge" lentiviral vectors to competitive stably inhibit mature microRNAs in vitro and in vivo, we have documented enhanced proliferative and invasive capacity of cells with stably inhibition of miR-16. Importantly, miR-16 inhibition decreased animal survival in a xenograft model of MM by increasing tumor load and host angiogenesis. Expression profiling analysis of miR-16- deficient cells identified a large number of downstream target genes including FGFR1 …

publication date

  • January 1, 2010

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