Ceramic-metal interaction and wetting phenomena in the B 4 C/Cu system Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract The experimental study of the wetting phenomena in the boron carbide–copper system, using the sessile drop method at 1150 °C shows that molten Cu attacks boron carbide substrates forming a crater below the contact area. Boron additions prevent crater formation, improve wetting and, for a 10 at.% B alloy, reduce the equilibrium wetting angle to 40°. Thermodynamic analysis of the Cu–B–C system in the Cu-rich corner confirms the experimental results. These results and similar ones obtained in the TiC–Cu system suggest that the presence of a carbide phase over a concentration range is a key feature that governs wetting phenomena and chemical interaction at these metal–carbide interfaces.

publication date

  • January 1, 2003