Selective Labeling and Growth Inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by Aminoguanidine Carbon Dots Academic Article uri icon


  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a highly virulent bacterium, particularly associated with the spread of multidrug resistance. Here we show that carbon dots (C-dots), synthesized from aminoguanidine and citric acid precursors, can selectively stain and inhibit the growth of P. aeruginosa strains. The aminoguanidine-C-dots were shown both to target P. aeruginosa bacterial cells and also to inhibit biofilm formation by the bacteria. Mechanistic analysis points to interactions between aminoguanidine residues on the C-dots’ surface and P. aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide moieties as the likely determinants for both antibacterial and labeling activities. Indeed, the application of biomimetic membrane assays reveals that LPS-promoted insertion and bilayer permeation constitute the primary factors in the anti-P. aeruginosa effect of the aminoguanidine-C-dots. The aminoguanidine C-dots are easy to prepare in large quantities and are inexpensive and biocompatible and thus may be employed as a useful vehicle for selective st...

publication date

  • January 1, 2019