Simple Mathematical Models for Temporal, Spatial, Angular, and Attenuation Characteristics of Light Propagating Through the Atmosphere for Space Optical Communication:: Monte Carlo Simulations Academic Article uri icon


  • Mathematical models are developed to characterize propagation through a turbid medium at three different wavelengths in the visible and near infrared spectral range . These models are based upon relations between the temporal, angular, and spatial spread of electromagnetic unpolarized radiation, geometrical path length, particle size distribution, and the medium's propagation parameters such as Mie scattering, and absorption coefficients, Mie phase- function, and optical thickness . Calculations of the radiation characteristics were carried out using Monte Carlo simulations . Here, atmospheric particulates are used to model turbid media for optical thickness between 1 and 6, emphasizing optical communication applications, The advantage of this work is the ability to predict simply and in real time important radiation parameters relevant to any optical communication system . Results indicate very high correlation between optical thickness and propagation characteristics . For transmission, comparison is made to Bucher's model

publication date

  • January 1, 1994