Vibrational spectroscopy and intramolecular dynamics of 1-butyne Academic Article uri icon


  • Photodissociation of jet-cooled vibrationally excited 1-butyne, C(2)H(5)C[Triple Bond]C[Single Bond]H, coupled with mass spectrometric detection of H photofragments, facilitated measurements of action spectra and Doppler profiles, expressing the yield of the ensuing fragments versus the vibrational excitation and UV probe lasers, respectively. Both the action spectra and the simultaneously measured room temperature photoacoustic spectra in the 2nu(1), 3nu(1), and 4nu(1) C[Single Bond]H acetylenic stretch regions exhibit unresolved rotational envelopes with significant narrowing of the former due to temperature-related change in the rotational structure. The narrowing of the action spectrum in the 3nu(1) region exposed a resonance splitting, implying intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution (IVR) time of approximately 1 ps. Asymmetric rotor simulation of the band contours provided the rotational constants and estimates for the homogeneous broadening arising from IVR to the bath vibrational states. The homogenous linewidth of 4nu(1) is anomalously narrower than that of 2nu(1) and 3nu(1), indicating a longer lived 4nu(1) state despite the increasing background state density, suggestive of a lack of low-order resonances or of mode-specific coupling with the bath states. The Doppler profiles indicate that the H photofragments are released with low average translational energies, pointing to an indirect dissociation process occurring after internal conversion (IC) to the ground electronic state or after IC and isomerization to butadiene.

publication date

  • January 1, 2004