- In a retrospective study, 40 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were assessed for extraspinal manifestations. Cardiovascular complications were found in 17 patients (42.5%): 5 (12.5%) had aortic insufficiency, 3 (7.5%) had atrioventricular block and 5 (12.5%) had bundle branch block. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was diagnosed in one case and short PR syndrome in another. Cardiovascular complications were more common in patients with longer disease duration. Ischemic heart disease was found in 17.5% of the cases and pulmonary fibrosis in 15%. Peripheral arthritis was found in 42.5% and its prevalence did not differ in patients with or without cardiac involvement.