Perceived stigma exposure in schizophrenia: the key role of self-concept clarity Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Exposure to stigmatization is a serious complication of mental illness in general, and of schizophrenia in particular. Adopting an action-theory approach, according to which individuals shape their own social environment (Shahar, 2006), we examined the role of four self-concept aspects in patients’ perception of exposure to stigmatization: self-esteem level and stability, perception of the self as ill, and self-concept clarity. Out-patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorder (N = 89) were assessed twice, separated by a six-week interval, as to their symptoms, the above self-concept aspects, and stigmatization. Self-concept clarity was the sole predictor of (a reduction in) perceived exposure to stigmatization, possibly by shielding individuals against the deleterious effects of past discrimination and marginalization.

publication date

  • January 1, 2013