Breaking biogeographic barriers: molecular and morphological evidences for the Lessepsian invasion of soritid foraminifers to the Mediterranean Sea Conference Paper uri icon


  • Abstract In recent years we have been witnessing a large-scale invasion (tropicalization) into the Eastern Mediterranean of many alien tropical species. The main factors that promote this process includes: 1. The ongoing warming of sea surface temperatures in the last decades. 2. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 that created an artificial connection between the Mediterranean and the Indo-Pacific realm of the Red Sea. This connection resulted in an ongoing unidirectional migration (termed the Lessepsian migration) of …

publication date

  • April 1, 2012