Single-spin entanglement Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We show that the operators and the quadrupole and Zeeman Hamiltonians for a spin \(\frac{3}{2}\) can be represented in terms for a system of two coupling fictitious spins \(\frac{1}{2}\) using the Kronecker product of Pauli matrices. Particularly, the quadrupole Hamiltonian which describes the interaction of the nuclear quadrupole moment with an electric field gradient is represented as the Hamiltonian of the Ising model in a transverse selective magnetic field. The Zeeman Hamiltonian, which describes interaction of the nuclear spin with the external magnetic field, can be considered as the Hamiltonian of the Heisenberg model in a selective magnetic field. The total Hamiltonian can be interpreted as the Hamiltonian of 3D Heisenberg model in an inhomogeneous magnetic field applied along the x-axis. The representation of a single spin \(\frac{3}{2}\) as two-spin \(\frac{1}{2}\) system allows us to study entanglement in the spin system. One of the features of the fictitious spin system is that, in both the pure and the mixed states, the concurrence tends to 0.5 with increase of an applied magnetic field. The representation of a spin \(\frac{3}{2}\) as a system of two coupling fictitious spins \(\frac{1}{2}\) and possibility of formation of the entangled states in this system open a way to the application of a single spin \(\frac{3}{2}\) in quantum computation.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017