Pneumococcal vaccination in developing countries Academic Article uri icon


  • WHO estimates that about 1·6 million people, including up to 1 million children under 5 years old, die every year of pneumococcal pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis.1 In populations with high child-mortality rates, pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of mortality and accounts for about 20–25% of all child deaths.2 In these populations, Streptococcus pneumoniae is identified consistently as the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia, and pneumococcal bacteraemia is an important cause of child mortality. 3, 4 and 5 HIV infection increases risk for pneumococcal disease 20–40-fold, and antibiotic resistance makes treatment difficult and expensive. 6 Thus pneumococcal disease is a major global-health issue.

publication date

  • January 1, 2006