Epidemiology of pediatric meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae B, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis in Israel. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Bacterial meningitis remains a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. We report 3 year data on meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae b, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis in Israeli children younger than 13 years of age. The data were obtained prospectively through an active surveillance system involving all 25 centers in which children are hospitalized. A case was defined by: a) culture positive cerebrospinal fluid; or b) positive blood culture with> 10 cells. During the study period, 482 cases of meningitis due to the three organisms were identified. Of these, 58%, 20% and 22% were caused by H. influenzae b, S. pneumoniae and N. meningitidis, respectively. The male/female ratio was 1.5: 1. An over-representation of the non-Jewish population was seen only in cases caused by S. pneumoniae. The median age was 11 months and 59% of all …

publication date

  • January 1, 1994