Various Bilayer Organizations in a Single-Tail Nonionic Surfactant: Unilamellar Vesicles, Multilamellar Vesicles, and Flat-Stacked Lamellae Academic Article uri icon


  • Bilayer structural evolution of a single-tail nonionic surfactant cocodiethanolamide− water system is studied using cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM), small-angle X- ray scattering, light scattering, and rheological measurements. It is found that, with increasing surfactant concentration, unilamellar vesicles turn to multilamellar vesicles while at higher concentrations a fully expressed lamellar phase is clearly observed in the TEM micrographs. The results will be discussed in terms of surfactant geometry and membrane flexibility.

publication date

  • January 1, 1999